A pile of dual channel copper EDM electrode tubes.

That’s Our Specialty

At Holepop, we believe in trust and collaboration when dealing with our customers. Collaboration includes the responsibility to keep our customers well informed about our electrodes, as a customer that knows the strengths and weaknesses of their electrodes stands to gain time and money. There are many different applications that call for EDM Small hole drilling, and one electrode’s weakness in one application may be a strength in another. This and all of the other different variables encountered in EDM—such as workpiece material and machine settings—can make it difficult to choose the right electrode.

With our wide array of electrodes, you will be sure to find one that fits your particular EDM machine or equipment. How well our EDM consumables do on your small hole EDM machine depend on two simple variables:

  • The type of material that the electrode is made of—brass, copper, or tungsten carbide.
  • The type of flushing hole or the desired internal diameter of the electrode. This is either a single hole diameter with no other internal walls or is a multi-channel type internal hole with multiple walls throughout the length of the electrode. Some electrodes dispense with the internal channels altogether. These are rods.

Let’s first discuss the main two types of EDM tubing material: brass and copper. 97% of all applications for EDM electrode hole-popping involve either brass or copper electrodes.

Brass Electrodes | Brass EDM Tubing

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Brass EDM tubes are used on the largest variety of electrically conductive materials and metals to small hole drill. If you are not quite sure which electrode material to start out with, brass is probably the best bet. Due to the molecular composition of brass, it will remove material at the fastest rates when applied to certain alloys, tool steels, stainless steels and rare metals.

Brass is fast at the expense of wear rates. Brass electrodes tend to wear out much faster compared to copper electrodes at the point of spark contact with the workpiece, and this should be taken into consideration on long running hole burns or EDM holes that are very deep. This fast wear rate becomes a particular problem when attempting to burn through stubborn materials such as carbide or tungsten carbide.

The brass we use is 99.995% pure and is comprised of approximately 70% copper and 30% zinc.

Copper Electrodes | Copper EDM Tubing

A collection of copper EDM electrodes

Copper tubing can be used for small hole drilling in all material types. Because of its molecular composition, copper tends to last longer during hole burning compared to brass.

One unique characteristic of copper is its ability to drill through very hard materials such as carbide and tungsten carbide. This is because it has a slower and steadier burn rate that results in a low wear rate. When EDM small hole drilling with a depth to width ratio of greater than 100 to 1 this also tends to be ideal because a lower amount of tapering will leave a more accurate and straighter hole.

The copper tubing that we supply is 99.995% pure.

Tungsten Carbide Electrodes | Tungsten Carbide EDM Tubing

A collection of tungsten carbide EDM electrodes.
Where even copper comes up short, tungsten carbide picks up the slack. An incredibly rigid and tough material, tungsten carbide’s singularly low wear rate allows it to cut through exotic materials. Its toughness also frees it from many of the dimensional restrictions placed upon brass and copper tubes. A defect free and stable electrode can be made with tungsten carbide to half the size of the smallest brass or copper electrodes.

This toughness, however, comes at a price. Such a robust material is expensive to work with, and tungsten carbide electrodes are correspondingly more expensive. This makes tungsten carbide more of a rarity, but in its limited applications, it shines.

Our tungsten carbide electrodes are made with 6% cobalt.

Single Hole Electrode Tubes vs. Multi-Channel Electrode Tubes

Another variable which ultimately determines successful EDM hole burning through a material or work piece is whether the brass electrode or copper electrode tube is has a single hole or multiple channels running directly through the ID or (Internal Diameter) of the electrode.

Basically, an electrode’s intended performance depends on the type of hole going through the center of the electrode, as different channel types are made for different purposes. One purpose is to direct water or coolant through the center of the electrode. This keeps the entire length of the brass or copper tube from overheating and burning up. If the electrode heats up too much it can soften and warp, thus preventing a straight drill or a consistent and accurate EDM hole.

The main factor that determines whether an EDM electrode tube would be single or multi-channel tube is whether the hole to be drilled is a through-hole or a blind hole. Blind holes are not drilled all the way through a workpiece, which leaves a slug or a nipple—a piece of material is still left untouched at the bottom of the hole.

Single Hole & Single Channel EDM Tubes

singlechannel

Brass EDM tubing and copper EDM tubing can both be single hole. Single hole electrodes are usually cheaper in price because there is less material in the electrode. Single hole tubing is recommended only for hole burning applications that require a hole to be drilled entirely through the part.

If you have further questions or would like clarification in regards to your machine, application or electrode type please email us here or call us directly at (714) 222-9899 for further questions. We would be happy to help you and would appreciate any feedback you have to offer.

Multi-Channel EDM Tubes

multichannel

Multi-channel tubes are used for drilling a blind hole. The internal channels are designed to burn away any material left at the bottom of the hole, as the electrode has material inside the flushing hole that is used to disintegrate the work piece material.
The internal channels are arranged in such a way that, as the electrode spins, no part of the workpiece is left unaffected by the electrode, and no slug or piece of material is left at the bottom of the hole.

Holepop Product Information

  • Electrode Spec Sheet
  • Holepop specializes in supplying only the best grade premium quality EDM electrodes on the market.
  • Every electrode that Holepop.com sells is the Highest OEM Quality Available.
  • We do not sell budget or economy tubing like many of our competitors do.
  • All of our brass, copper, and tungsten carbide EDM electrodes meet strict criteria for quality control purposes before leaving our facility.
  • Please click here to view our testing process and quality control equipment.
  • All tubing is backed on a rock-solid 100% product guarantee.
  • If you are not satisfied with our EDM consumables and EDM tubes we will either replace them or refund you the total cost.
  • We offer fast, reliable and completely customizable shipping to suit your needs.
  • Holepop uses UPS, DHL, FedEx, and any other international courier to ship anywhere in the world.
  • All brass, and copper electrodes are supplied in packs of 20 pieces. Tungsten carbide electrodes come in packs of 10 pieces.
  • Place an order here or call (714) 222-9899 to speak directly to our EDM hole drilling specialists.